The Occupied Territories of
the West Bank and the Gaza Strip are located in the Middle East. The
Territories (shown in red on the map) are noncontiguous areas separated
by Israel. There is no free passage between them. The West Bank is
bordered on the East by Jordan and on all other sides by Israel. The
Gaza Strip is bordered on the South by Egypt, on the West by the
Mediterranean Sea and on all other sides by Israel.
The climate in the Occupied Territories is temperate. One can
expect sunny days and warm to hot temperatures from April to November
with a rainy season between November and April. Areas at higher
altitudes may experience freezing temperatures and small amounts of
snow in winter.
The area under the control of the Palestinian National
Authority comprises parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
The area of the West Bank is 5,655 sq km with a population in
2000 of 2,057,145 and an average population density of 363.8 persons/sq
The area of the Gaza Strip is 365 sq km with a population in
2000 of 1,167,359 and an average population density of 3,198.2
Of this territory, in 1995 the West Bank there were 178
Israeli settlements covering 85.1 sq km. In the Gaza Strip there were
18 settlements covering 6.2 sq km.
By May 2002, according to B'Tselem, "The Israeli Information
Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories", well over 50% of
the territory of the West Bank had been taken over by Israeli
Settlements and Military Bases.
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